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In this paper, the authors propose two cognitive relaying schemes based on overlay and underlay, which exploit the cooperation opportunities inherent in primary retransmission to improve secondary throughput. If a primary signal is not decoded by the primary receiver (PR), a secondary user (SU) can be selected to relay it invisibly along with the primary retransmission. For overlay cognitive relaying, SUs intend to reduce primary retransmission time by relaying primary message, so that more access opportunities are available. While in underlay cognitive relaying, SU allocates part of its power to help primary user (PU) and the remaining power is used to transmit secondary message simultaneously. By controlling the phase of the relay signal, signals retransmitted from primary transmitter (PT) and SU can constructively combine at the PR. In both relaying schemes, we consider the best-relay selection as well. We define some novel metrics to evaluate the performance of PU and SU. For PU, we study the improvements in outage performance and average transmitting time per packet, while for SU, we consider the cooperation gain and cooperation efficiency, respectively. Theoretical analysis and numerical results verify the validity of both schemes, and a comparison is made between them.
Date of Publication: August 14 2012