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A Novel CMOS Frequency-Mixing Transimpedance Amplifier for Frequency Domain Near Infrared Spectroscopy

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2 Author(s)
Yun, R. ; Analog Devices, Inc., Wilmington, MA, USA ; Koomson, V.J.

This paper presents the design and measurement results of a novel frequency-mixing transimpedance amplifier (FM-TIA), which is the key building block towards a monolithically integrated optical sensor front-end for frequency domain near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy (FD-NIRS). The FM-TIA employs a T-feedback network incorporating a gate-controlled transistor for resistance modulation, enabling the simultaneous down-conversion and amplification of the high frequency modulated photodiode (PD) current. The proposed FM-TIA is capable of operating either in the traditional wideband mode or the frequency-mixing mode, depending on the applied gate control voltage. A wideband post amplifier is implemented on chip to characterize both modes for comparative study. The wideband mode achieves 107 dBΩ transimpedance gain with 200 MHz bandwidth for 4 pF photodiode capacitance. The measured total integrated input referred current noise is 158 nArms . When the TIA is modulated by a 100 MHz signal with 0.5 V amplitude in the mixing mode, it achieves 92 dBΩ conversion gain. The measured 1 dB compression point is 3.1 μA and IIP3 is 10.6 μA. The input-referred current noise integrated up to 50 kHz is only 10.4 nArms, which is 15 times lower than the wideband mode noise. The FM-TIA together with the post amplifier draws 23 mA from a 1.8 V power supply, where the output buffer consumes 16.15 mA.

Published in:

Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 1 )