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The Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a mobile communication standard that is receiving significant attention, and especially offers positioning capabilities by specifying a dedicated downlink signal, i.e. the positioning reference signal (PRS). Thus, this technology can improve the location of mobile terminals operating in harsh environments, such as urban or indoor scenarios. This paper presents a study of the impact of the channel on the positioning capabilities of LTE with respect to the signal bandwidth. For that purpose, typical channel models, such as those recommended by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), are used to obtain timing error distributions by means of the histogram of maximum likelihood estimates. The results obtained represent the worst-case scenario since the applied estimation process does not consider the presence of the multipath channel. The dependency of the timing error distributions with respect to the type of channel model is also analysed.
Date of Conference: 5-7 Sept. 2012