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This paper presents a newly developed system for bridges post-tensioned devices inspection. These devices are generally composed of cables placed inside a duct, the residual space being filled with a particular cement to avoid corrosion. The nondestructive experimental setup uses a capacitive sensor that gives some relevant information about the electrical properties of the materials located inside the duct. Then, using an original modeling of the interactions between the sensor and the post-tensioned device, a signal processing extracts useful information from the sensors data, like the thickness of an eventual air gap between the cement and the duct. Experimental and theoretical derivations and comparisons are presented in the different parts of this paper.