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Raman scattering (RS) is a very important experimental tool to characterize the optical modes and another elementary excitations of materials. Among other issues it can determine for example the degree of crystalline quality and point defects like local modes. Therefore GaN - thin films and related compounds for photovoltaic purposes and as processed by several systems have been measured by this technique. The films were grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE), Close Spaced Vapor Transport (CSVT) and Laser Ablation (LA) with the use of optimal growth parameters and substrates. Gallium nitride crystallizes in the wurtzite structure with 4 atoms in the unit cell and presents 7 allowed Raman modes of A1, E1, and E2 symmetries. In this work we present and discussed our Raman experiments where particularly the detection of the E2 and A1 modes are illustrated in these nitride semiconductor compounds.
Date of Conference: 3-8 June 2012