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The design of an ultra-wideband crossover for use in printed microwave circuits is presented. It employs a pair of broadside-coupled microstrip-to-coplanar waveguide (CPW) transitions, and a pair of uniplanar microstrip-to-CPW transitions. A lumped-element equivalent circuit is used to explain the operation of the proposed crossover. Its performance is evaluated via full-wave electromagnetic simulations and measurements. The designed device is constructed on a single substrate, and thus, it is fully compatible with microstrip-based microwave circuits. The crossover is shown to operate across the frequency band from 3.1 to 11 GHz with more than 15 dB of isolation, less than 1 dB of insertion loss, and less than 0.1 ns of deviation in the group delay.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2012