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Grid Interfacing of Multimegawatt Photovoltaic Inverters

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5 Author(s)
Syahrul Ashikin Azmi ; Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, U.K. ; Grain Philip Adam ; Khaled H. Ahmed ; Stephen J. Finney
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This paper investigates the suitability of selective harmonic elimination (SHE) for low-loss multimegawatt grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) inverters. The proposed system is able to meet utilities regulations, IEEE and IEC standards. In an attempt to substantiate the potential superiority of SHE over carrier-based or space-vector pulsewidth modulation (PWM), this paper demonstrates that SHE may allow grid-connected PV inverters to be controlled using a switching frequency of less than 1 kHz, while the inverter is still able to provide necessary operation features such as independent control of active and reactive powers and operation control simplicity. For system validation, experimental results with SHE are compared to the case when the inverter is controlled using third-harmonic injection PWM, with a 2-kHz switching frequency. Furthermore, the paper proposes a new implementation technique for SHE that utilizes the third harmonics to spread the switching angles over 90° instead of being located in a narrow range as generated when using conventional techniques, along with increases in modulation index. The advantages of the proposed technique include simplicity in implementation and flexibility in PWM waveforms. Simulation and experimentation demonstrate agreement, which validates the practicability of the proposed system.

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IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 6 )