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Single-User Beamforming in Large-Scale MISO Systems with Per-Antenna Constant-Envelope Constraints: The Doughnut Channel

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2 Author(s)
Saif Khan Mohammed ; Communication Systems Division, Dept. of Electrical Engineering (ISY), Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden ; Erik G. Larsson

Large antenna arrays at the transmitter (TX) have recently been shown to achieve remarkable intra-cell interference suppression at low complexity. However, building large arrays in practice, would require the use of power-efficient RF amplifiers, which generally have poor linearity characteristics and hence would require the use of input signals with a very small peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). In this paper, we consider the single-user Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) channel for the case where the TX antennas are constrained to transmit signals having constant envelope (CE). We show that, with per-antenna CE transmission the effective channel seen by the receiver is a SISO AWGN channel with its input constrained to lie in a doughnut-shaped region. For a broad class of fading channels, analysis of the effective doughnut channel shows that under a per-antenna CE input constraint, i) compared to an average-only total TX power constrained MISO channel, the extra total TX power required to achieve a desired information rate is small and bounded, ii) with N TX antennas an O(N) array power gain is achievable, and iii) for a desired information rate, using power-efficient amplifiers with CE inputs would require significantly less total TX power when compared to using highly linear (power-inefficient) amplifiers with high PAPR inputs.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 11 )