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Compressed Sensing Based Real-Time Dynamic MRI Reconstruction

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3 Author(s)
Majumdar, A. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada ; Ward, R.K. ; Aboulnasr, T.

This work addresses the problem of real-time online reconstruction of dynamic magnetic resonance imaging sequences. The proposed method reconstructs the difference between the previous and the current image frames. This difference image is sparse. We recover the sparse difference image from its partial k-space scans by using a nonconvex compressed sensing algorithm. As there was no previous fast enough algorithm for real-time reconstruction, we derive a novel algorithm for this purpose. Our proposed method has been compared against state-of-the-art offline and online reconstruction methods. The accuracy of the proposed method is less than offline methods but noticeably higher than the online techniques. For real-time reconstruction we are also concerned about the reconstruction speed. Our method is capable of reconstructing 128 × 128 images at the rate of 6 frames/s, 180 × 180 images at the rate of 5 frames/s and 256 × 256 images at the rate of 2.5 frames/s.

Published in:

Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 12 )