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2 Author(s)

This chapter contains sections titled: Efficient and Effective Deployment of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as Knowledge Instruments, Emergence, Transformation, and Path-Dependent Evolution of Institutions Devoted to the Creation and Transmission of Knowledge, The Coevolution of Technologies and Institutions, Knowledge Division and Dispersion, The Importance of Public Knowledge, Open, Distributed Systems, Toward Evidence-Based Knowledge Policy, Notes