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In this article, a novel accident analysis system is proposed to determine the main human factors involved in traffic accidents. Several tests of the system were carried out in a highly realistic truck simulator with a group of professional drivers. The data, collected with the system at the moments before traffic accidents, were used to generate a novel database that was carefully analyzed by a group of traffic safety experts. The validation process shows the reliability of the developed system as a tool for the identification of the main cause of traffic accidents.