Special Notice
IEEE Xplore is transitioning to HTTPS on 9 April 2018. Customer access via EZproxy will require version 6 or higher with TLS 1.1 or 1.2 enabled.
Review our EZproxy Upgrade Checklist to ensure uninterrupted access.

Whatever Emerges should be Intrinsically Useful

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$15 $15
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, books, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)

The practical work presented in this paper uses a GA to evolve a cellular automata (CA) implementation of a binary numbers adder. One very useful way to compress the enormous search space and eventually find an optimal CA consists in adopting a macro-coding of the states and the rule table. It is further discussed how this work illustrates and defends our favorite position in the currently vivid epistemological debate around the notion of “emergence”. This position is Crutchfield's “intrinsic emergence” one, in which to say that a macro-property is emergent requires that this “property” supplies some mechanical and non-human observer with additional functionality.