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An adaptive maximum power point tracking (MPPT) scheme employing a variable scaling factor is presented. An MPPT control loop was constructed analytically and the magnitude variation in the MPPT loop gain according to the operating point of the PV array was identified due to the nonlinear characteristics of the PV array output. To make the crossover frequency of the MPPT loop consistent, the variable scaling factor was determined using an approximate curve-fitted polynomial equation about linear expression of the error. Therefore, a desirable dynamic response and the stability of the MPPT scheme were maintained across the entire MPPT voltage range. The simulation and experimental results obtained from a 3-kW rated prototype demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed MPPT scheme.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2012