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GPS Near-Real-Time Coseismic Displacements for the Great Tohoku-oki Earthquake

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4 Author(s)
Branzanti, M. ; Dept. of Civil, Buildings & Environ. Engineeering (DICEA), Univ. di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy ; Colosimo, G. ; Crespi, M. ; Mazzoni, A.

Here, we present the application to the great Tohoku-oki (Japan) earthquake (United States Geological Survey M = 9.0, March 11, 2011, 05:46:24 Coordinated Universal Time) of a novel approach, named Variometric Approach for Displacements Analysis Stand-Alone Engine, able to estimate accurate coseismic displacements and waveforms in real time, in the global reference frame, just using the standard broadcast products (orbits and clocks) and the high-rate (1 Hz or more) carrier phase observations continuously collected by a stand-alone global-positioning-system receiver. We processed separately the data collected at MIZU (Mizusawa, 140 km from the epicenter) and USUD (Usuda, 430 km from the epicenter) International Global Navigation Satellite System Service sites. A total horizontal displacement of about 2.4 m east-southeast was estimated for the MIZU, with a maximum horizontal oscillation amplitude of about 3.4 m along the same direction. Generally, an overall accuracy better than 10 cm for all the components (east, north, and up) and an average accuracy around 5 cm were assessed over an interval shorter than 5 min, with respect to independent solutions obtained with two different scientific software. The threshold of 5-cm accuracy has been recently indicated as sufficient for real-time fault determination for near-field tsunami forecasting for a major earthquake, like the 2011 Tohoku-oki one.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 2 )