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This letter presents a high-efficiency 2.45-GHz rectenna that can harvest low input RF power effectively. A new antenna with a simple structure and high gain of 8.6 dBi is proposed for the rectenna. The antenna is designed to directly match the rectifying circuit at 2.45 GHz and mismatch it at the second and third harmonics so that the use of bandpass filter between the antenna and rectifying circuit can be eliminated. The rectenna shows a maximum conversion efficiency of 83% with a load resistance of 1400 Ω. Furthermore, the overall conversion efficiency can remain 50% for the low, -17.2 dBm (corresponding power density 0.22 μW/cm2 ) input power level.
Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE (Volume:11 )
Date of Publication: 2012