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A method for optimal switches placement in distribution systems with distributed generation is presented in this paper. According to both technical and economical issues, the method allows minimizing the unsupplied loads in case of permanent faults, while limiting the number of installed switches. The problem is formulated as a mixed integer non linear programming problem (MINLP) and the solution is obtained by a new metaheuristic algorithm, i.e., the Alliance Algorithm. The method is based on self-microgrids forming and allows improving the continuity of the service as confirmed by simulation results on both an IEEE standard and a real test network.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2012