By Topic

Evolutionary Design of FreeCell Solvers

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Elyasaf, A. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Ben-Gurion Univ., Beer-Sheva, Israel ; Hauptman, A. ; Sipper, M.

In this paper, we evolve heuristics to guide staged deepening search for the hard game of FreeCell, obtaining top-notch solvers for this human-challenging puzzle. We first devise several novel heuristic measures using minimal domain knowledge and then use them as building blocks in two evolutionary setups involving a standard genetic algorithm and policy-based, genetic programming. Our evolved solvers outperform the best FreeCell solver to date by three distinct measures: 1) number of search nodes is reduced by over 78%; 2) time to solution is reduced by over 94%; and 3) average solution length is reduced by over 30%. Our top solver is the best published FreeCell player to date, solving 99.65% of the standard Microsoft 32 K problem set. Moreover, it is able to convincingly beat high-ranking human players.

Published in:

Computational Intelligence and AI in Games, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 4 )