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Switched-Capacitor Level-Shifting Technique With Sampling Noise Reduction for Rail-to-Rail Input Range Instrumentation Amplifiers

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1 Author(s)
Ivanov, E.V. ; Analog Devices Inc., Wilmington, MA, USA

This paper proposes a switched-capacitor Adaptive Level-Shifting (ALS) technique for Instrumentation Amplifiers (IA). When used at the front end of an IA the ALS circuit enables true rail-to-rail input common-mode (CM) range and reduces CMRR requirements for the following IA. In the proposed implementation, two ALS circuits are combined with the two input stages of an Indirect Current-Feedback (ICF) IA. To overcome the limited input differential voltage range of such IAs, the ALS circuits are cross-connected. As a result the IA has a wide input differential range and a true rail-to-rail input CM range. The IA is fabricated in 0.18 μm CMOS process, achieves 70 nV/√Hz noise spectral density, 115 μA supply current, 20 μV input offset voltage, 130 dB CMRR and 20 ppm gain error.

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Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 12 )