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This paper proposes a switched-capacitor Adaptive Level-Shifting (ALS) technique for Instrumentation Amplifiers (IA). When used at the front end of an IA the ALS circuit enables true rail-to-rail input common-mode (CM) range and reduces CMRR requirements for the following IA. In the proposed implementation, two ALS circuits are combined with the two input stages of an Indirect Current-Feedback (ICF) IA. To overcome the limited input differential voltage range of such IAs, the ALS circuits are cross-connected. As a result the IA has a wide input differential range and a true rail-to-rail input CM range. The IA is fabricated in 0.18 μm CMOS process, achieves 70 nV/√Hz noise spectral density, 115 μA supply current, 20 μV input offset voltage, 130 dB CMRR and 20 ppm gain error.
Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:59 , Issue: 12 )
Date of Publication: Dec. 2012