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In this paper, we design an efficient method of simulating wireless networks that use CSMA/CA-based protocols in the MAC layer. In the method, a stochastic model to estimate the CSMA/CA frame transmission delay is naturally incorporated into the conventional fully event-based model. The stochastic model can simplify the interactions between a frame transmitter and its surrounding nodes, which alleviates the event scheduling overhead in simulation. The important feature is that the stochastic model can be applied in “per-node” and “time” basis, i.e. we may simulate the behavior of some intended nodes precisely while the others are simplified by the stochastic mode to save computational resources. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first approach to coexistence of the stochastic and event-based models in wireless multi-hop network simulation. We have implemented this scheme in a commercial network simulator and conducted several experiments. From the results, it is confirmed that the proposed method could perform simulation of frame transmission much faster than the fully event-based simulation achieving the same accuracy as the conventional model.
Date of Conference: 4-5 June 2012