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Sensors and actuators are two indispensable parts in the paradigm of feedback control. Their implementation cost should be properly evaluated and constrained. In the previous work, a Petri net monitor with the least cost is synthesized through integer programming formulation. Despite its technical correctness, the existing method may lead to undesirable results when the net structure contains some shared or unshared resource places of a manufacturing-oriented net model. A necessary and sufficient condition is established to show that certain structures can lead to deadlock-prone supervisors. An efficient algorithm is developed to identify such structures. Furthermore, it is shown that if one can identify such structures at the initial stage, it is possible to achieve desirable controllers for the original systems. The theoretical correctness of the proposed algorithm is discussed. A manufacturing example is provided to illustrate the proposed approach.
Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:PP , Issue: 99 )