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The recently available Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) 1.4 GHz based soil moisture retrievals for the year of 2010 and the first nine months of 2011 are assessed over the continental United States (CONUS) region, along with soil moisture retrievals produced at Princeton University based on the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) 10.7 GHz channel using the Land Surface Microwave Emission Model (LSMEM) and in-situ measurements from the Natural Resource Conservation Service's (NRCS) Soil Climate Analysis Network (SCAN). The assessment is carried out using a performance metric developed by Crow (J. Hydromet., 2007), which calculates the ability of soil moisture estimates to correct errors in surface moisture predictions through a linear Kalman filter. Within the Crow framework, SMOS retrievals show the same level of skill as AMSR-E/LSMEM or SCAN when evaluated on the days where both are available. But the SMOS product is significantly less available than AMSR-E/LSMEM or SCAN, especially on rainy days, therefore it is less able to reproduce the rainfall-moisture dynamics and consequently achieves a lower performance metric if all available data are used from all products. Detailed analysis shows that, with uncertainties, the performance of both SMOS and AMSR-E/LSMEM generally decays with thicker vegetation and wetter climate but is not significantly influenced by topography. We expect SMOS to further improve its accuracy through validation studies and its availability under rainy conditions as well.
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of (Volume:5 , Issue: 5 )
Date of Publication: Oct. 2012