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This letter reports about some observations over rainforests (in Brazil and Indonesia), where the spectra of TanDEM-X interferograms show distinct features, almost a signature, which is explained and modeled in terms of the scattering properties. Supported by comparisons with simulations, the observations exclude any homogeneous horizontally layered forest; instead, they are compatible with a model with point scatterers clustered in clouds. Such a model, with high extinction and large gaps that allow significant penetration, is able to explain to a good degree the observations.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2013