By Topic

Towards Control of Magnetic Fluids in Patients: Directing Therapeutic Nanoparticles to Disease Locations

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Aleksander Nacev ; University of Maryland, College Park ; Arash Komaee ; Azeem Sarwar ; Roland Probst
more authors

This article describes a range of results, from passive magnet design to optimal feedback control of a distributed ferrofluid. Representing magnetic forces as the gradient of a magnetic energy allowed design and demonstration, in animal experiments, of a simple open-loop two-magnet system to inject nanoparticles into the inner ear. Then a petri-dish test bed was used to develop and test optimal closed-loop manipulation of a single ferrofluid droplet.The demonstrated algorithms exploited the quadratic dependence of the magnetic forces on control inputs while accounting for magnet time delays and spatial discontinuities in the optimal control. All dimensional parameters were reduced to three essential nondimensional numbers, and ferrofluid behavior was mapped across the entire feasible drug delivery parameter space.

Published in:

IEEE Control Systems  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 3 )