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A Wavelet Spectral Analysis Technique for Automatic Detection of Geomagnetic Sudden Commencements

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4 Author(s)
Hafez, A.G. ; LTLab Inc., Fukuoka, Japan ; Ghamry, E. ; Yayama, H. ; Yumoto, K.

Maximal overlap discrete wavelet transform is used to perform spectral analysis of geomagnetic storm sudden commencements (SCs) (SSCs). This spectral analysis guided us in the development of an automatic SSC detection algorithm. The SC can be an indicator of the onset of a geomagnetic storm; in this case, it is called an SSC. The geomagnetic records used in this study were 3-s resolution data collected from the Circum-Pan Pacific Magnetometer Network. Using such high-resolution data enabled us to achieve a small detection error and short processing time. In addition to these technical merits, we introduce a new algorithm that automatically detects, for the first time, the SC from high-resolution data (sampled at the rate of 1 sample/3 s), unlike previous studies that focused on determining the SSC times automatically using 1-min data. Ninety-three geomagnetic storms were considered for testing the proposed algorithm; it was found that the average and maximum standard deviation of the errors in the detection times determined by the algorithm were 7 and 18 samples, respectively, of the corresponding manually determined arrival times.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 11 )