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Power-aware routing in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is designed to adequately prolong the lifetime of severely resource-constrained ad hoc wireless sensor nodes}. Recent research has identified the energy hole problem in single sink-based WSNs, a characteristic of the many-to-one (convergecast) traffic patterns. In this paper, we propose HYbrid Multi-hop routiNg (HYMN) algorithm, which is a hybrid of the two contemporary multi-hop routing algorithm architectures, namely, flat multi-hop routing that utilizes efficient transmission distances, and hierarchical multi-hop routing algorithms that capitalizes on data aggregation. We provide rigorous mathematical analysis for HYMN-optimize it and model its power consumption. In addition, through extensive simulations, we demonstrate the effective performance of HYMN in terms of superior connectivity.
Date of Publication: July 2012