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Performance Tradeoffs in Amplify-and-Forward Bidirectional Network Beamforming

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4 Author(s)
Mohammad Zaeri-Amirani ; Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada ; Shahram Shahbazpanahi ; Tina Mirfakhraie ; Kemal Ozdemir

We study and compare the performance of two bidirectional network beamforming schemes, namely the multiple access broadcast channel (MABC) strategy and the time division broadcast channel (TDBC) protocol, using joint optimal power control and beamforming design. To do so, we first design two TDBC-based bidirectional network beamformers, through minimization of the total power consumed in the whole network subject to quality of service (QoS) constraints, for the two cases with and without a direct link between the two transceivers. The corresponding power minimization problems are carried out over the transceiver transmit powers as well as relay beamforming weights, thus resulting in a jointly optimal power allocation and beamforming criterion. We devise optimal second-order cone programming based solutions as well as fast gradient-based solutions to these problems. We then use these solutions to compare the performance of the underlying TDBC-based approach to that of the MABC-based technique. This comparison is important because the TDBC approach appears to have certain advantages which can be exploited towards improving the performance of two-way network beamforming. These advantages include the additional degrees of freedom as well as the possibility of benefitting from the availability of a direct link between the two transceivers. Interestingly, in the absence of a direct link between the two transceivers, we show that when the QoS constraints are imposed to meet certain given probabilities of uncoded error [or, equivalently, to meet certain signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) constraints], these two schemes perform closely in terms of the minimum total transmit power. However, when the QoS constraints are used to guarantee certain given rates, the MABC-based scheme outperforms the TDBC counterpart. In the case when a direct link exists between the two transceivers, the TDBC-based approach can outperform the MABC-based method, even for rate satisfying QoS constraints, - rovided that the direct link is strong enough.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 8 )