Combined Environments

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31.0 $31.0
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, books, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Relative Proton and Cosmic Ray Upset Rates

  • Calculation of Combined Rates Using the Figure of Merit

  • Rate Coefficients for a Particular New Orbit

  • Rate Coefficients for Any Circular Orbit About the Earth

  • Ratio of Proton to Heavy Ion Upsets for Near Earth Circular Orbits

  • Single Events from Ground to Outer Space