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The 120° voltage source inverter driven brushless dc (BLDC) motors are very common in many applications. This paper extends the previous work and presents an improved dynamic average-value model for such BLDC motor-drive systems. The new model is explicit and uses a proper qd model of the permanent magnet synchronous machine with nonsinusoidal rotor flux. The model utilizes multiple reference frame theory to properly include the back EMF harmonics as well as commutation and conduction intervals into the averaged voltage and torque relationships. The commutation angle is readily obtained from the detailed simulation. The proposed model is demonstrated on a typical industrial BLDC motor with trapezoidal back EMF waveforms. The results of studies are compared with experimental measurements as well as previously established models, whereas the new model is shown to provide appreciable improvement.
Date of Publication: June 2012