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In this paper, we propose a methodology to build a real-time affect detector dedicated to video viewing and entertainment applications. This detector combines the acquisition of traditional physiological signals, namely, galvanic skin response, heart rate, and electromyogram, and the use of supervised classification techniques by means of Gaussian processes. It aims at detecting the emotional impact of a video clip in a new way by first identifying emotional events in the affective stream (fast increase of the subject excitation) and then by giving the associated binary valence (positive or negative) of each detected event. The study was conducted to be as close as possible to realistic conditions by especially minimizing the use of active calibrations and considering on-the-fly detection. Furthermore, the influence of each physiological modality is evaluated through three different key-scenarios (mono-user, multi-user and extended multi-user) that may be relevant for consumer applications. A complete description of the experimental protocol and processing steps is given. The performances of the detector are evaluated on manually labeled sequences, and its robustness is discussed considering the different single and multi-user contexts.
Date of Publication: July-September 2012