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High-temperature superconducting materials: a decade of impressive advancement of T/sub c/

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1 Author(s)
Chu, C.W. ; Dept. of Phys., Houston Univ., TX, USA

In the decade after the discovery of high-temperature superconductivity, more than one hundred non-intermetallic compounds have been found to superconduct above 23 K, which is the record transition temperature (T/sub c/) of conventional low-temperature intermetallic superconductors. These high-temperature non-intermetallic superconductors belong to three compound families: the cuprates, the bismuthates, and the fullerites. In this presentation, I shall restrict myself to the cuprates with a T/sub c/ above the liquid nitrogen boiling point of 77 K. They show a current record T/sub c/ of 134 K at ambient and 164 K at high pressure. I shall recall events that led to the discovery of superconductivity at 93 K to bring down the 77 K temperature barrier and summarize subsequent efforts to raise the T/sub c/ to its present record. Prospects for future higher T/sub c/ are discussed.

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 2 )