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Blind source separation of real world signals

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3 Author(s)
T. -W. Lee ; Comput. Neurobiol. Lab., Salk Inst., La Jolla, CA, USA ; A. J. Bell ; R. Orglmeister

We present a method to separate and deconvolve sources which have been recorded in real environments. The use of noncausal FIR filters allows us to deal with nonminimum mixing systems. The learning rules can be derived from different viewpoints such as information maximization, maximum likelihood and negentropy which result in similar rules for the weight update. We transform the learning rule into the frequency domain where the convolution and deconvolution property becomes a multiplication and division operation. In particular the FIR polynomial algebra techniques as used by Lambert present an efficient tool to solve true phase inverse systems allowing a simple implementation of noncausal filters. The significance of the methods is shown by the successful separation of two voices and separating a voice that has been recorded with loud music in the background. The recognition rate of an automatic speech recognition system is increased after separating the speech signals

Published in:

Neural Networks,1997., International Conference on  (Volume:4 )

Date of Conference:

9-12 Jun 1997