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For stepped frequency continuous wave ground penetrating radar (SFCW GPR), the image of buried targets is usually reconstructed by a combination of point-like scatters whose number is much smaller than that of pixels of target space image. The intrinsic sparseness of target space offers a migration imaging method to make the high-quality image of underground region based on compressive sensing (CS) theory. In this paper, the effects of air/ground interface and antenna beamwidth on CS-based SFCW GPR migration imaging are presented and analyzed. It is shown that the presence of the strong air/ground interface reflection and finite antenna beamwidth usually challenges the robust CS migration imaging algorithm in practice. To overcome this problem in the context of CS migration imaging, an improved CS migration imaging method for SFCW GPR system is proposed in this paper. Experimental results show that the approach is robust to deliver a high-quality image of underground region.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:50 , Issue: 8 )
Date of Publication: Aug. 2012