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Prediction of Trans-regulators of Recombination Hotspots in Mouse Genome

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5 Author(s)
Min Wu ; Sch. of Comput. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore, Singapore ; Chee-Keong Kwoh ; Przytycka, T.M. ; Li, J.
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The regulatory mechanism of recombination is a fundamental problem in genomics, with wide applications in genome wide association studies, birth-defect diseases, molecular evolution, cancer research, etc. In mammalian genomes, recombination events cluster into short genomic regions called "recombination hotspots". Recently, a 13-mer motif enriched in hotspots is identified as a candidate cis-regulatory element of human recombination hotspots; moreover, a zinc finger protein, PRDM9, binds to this motif and is associated with variation of recombination phenotype in human and mouse genomes, thus is a trans-acting regulator of recombination hotspots. However, this pair of cis and trans-regulators covers only a fraction of hotspots, thus other regulators of recombination hotspots remain to be discovered. In this paper, we propose an approach to predicting additional trans-regulators from DNA-binding proteins by comparing their enrichment of binding sites in hotspots. Applying this approach on newly mapped mouse hotspots genome-wide, we confirmed that PRDM9 is a major trans-regulator of hotspots. In addition, a list of top candidate trans-regulators of mouse hotspots is reported. Using GO analysis we observed that the top genes are enriched with function of histone modification, highlighting the epigenetic regulatory mechanisms of recombination hotspots.

Published in:

Bioinformatics and Biomedicine (BIBM), 2011 IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

12-15 Nov. 2011