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Microstimulation (MiSt) is used experimentally and clinically to activate localized populations of neural elements. However, it is difficult to predict-and subsequently control-neural responses to simultaneous current injection through multiple electrodes in an array. This is due to the unknown locations of neuronal elements in the extracellular medium that are excited by the superposition of multiple parallel current sources. We, therefore, propose a model that maps the computed electric field in the 3-D space surrounding the stimulating electrodes in one brain region to the local field potential (LFP) fluctuations evoked in a downstream region. Our model is trained with the recorded LFP waveforms in the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) resulting from MiSt applied in multiple electrode configurations in the ventral posterolateral nucleus (VPL) of the quiet awake rat. We then predict the cortical responses to MiSt in “novel” electrode configurations, a result that suggests that this technique could aid in the design of spatially optimized MiSt patterns through a multielectrode array.
Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:20 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: March 2012