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Tunable Control Strategy for Wave Energy Converters With Limited Power Takeoff Rating

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2 Author(s)
Tedeschi, E. ; Norwegian Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Trondheim, Norway ; Molinas, M.

In wave energy converters (WECs), the maximum power extraction would be achievable at the expense of a very high rating of the electric and power electronics equipment. The goal of this paper is to show how a convenient tradeoff between high-power extraction and viable electrical device rating can be achieved by a proper choice of the WEC control strategy. Referring to a direct coupled point absorber in heave operating in regular waves, it will be analytically shown how most common control techniques impact on both the power performance and the power takeoff (PTO) rating. Thus, a tool that can assist in the preliminary PTO sizing by taking into account the main constraints imposed by the application is obtained. Following, an adaptive control strategy including a reactive component is proposed, whose goal is to improve the overall system performance when the WEC is already operative in the sea. Its effectiveness in increasing the average power extraction while respecting the PTO peak power constraint is proved by computer simulations in both regular and irregular waves, and specific analyses also including the PTO force/torque limitation are finally developed.

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 10 )