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An Improved Lead–Acid Battery Pack Model for Use in Power Simulations of Electric Vehicles

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4 Author(s)
Carter, R. ; Dept. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK ; Cruden, A. ; Hall, P.J. ; Zaher, A.S.

A new model for a lead-acid battery pack is proposed for use in power simulations of electric vehicles. A linear approximation using a constant voltage drop has been used to model the charge-transfer resistance of the battery pack, and an exponential voltage-recovery equation has been used to model the transient capacitance effects following a period of discharge. The new model is easy to implement with simple calculations and easily acquired parameters, combining speed of implementation with accuracy. The new model was found to have a peak error of 3.1% in drive cycle tests, thus comparing favorably to existing models of similar complexity. An initial assessment of the model's suitability for use with a lithium-ion battery pack was also performed, finding a peak error of 5%.

Published in:

Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

March 2012

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