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Surveys and Analysis of RFI in Preparation for SMOS: Results from Airborne Campaigns and First Impressions from Satellite Data

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4 Author(s)
Balling, J.E. ; Nat. Space Inst., Tech. Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark ; Kristensen, S.S. ; Schmidl Sobjaerg, S. ; Skou, N.

Several soil moisture and sea salinity campaigns, including airborne L-band radiometer measurements, have been carried out in preparation for the European Space Agency Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission. The radiometer used in this context is fully polarimetric and is capable of detecting radio frequency interference (RFI) using the kurtosis method. Analyses have shown that the kurtosis method generally detects RFI in an efficient manner, particularly concerning pulsed, low duty cycle signals, but it has some shortcomings when it comes to more continuous wave signal types. Hence, other detection methods have been investigated as well. In particular, inspection of the third and fourth Stokes parameters shows promising results-possibly as a complement to the kurtosis method. The kurtosis method, however, cannot be used with SMOS data. Since SMOS is fully polarimetric, the third and fourth Stokes parameter method is an option, and a first assessment using a fully polarimetric SMOS data set looks promising. Finally, a variable incidence angle signature algorithm is introduced, and the possibility of using this as an RFI indicator is discussed.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 12 )