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An accurate determination of the pelvic orientation is inevitable for the correct cup prosthesis placement of navigated total hip arthroplasties. Conventionally, this step is accomplished by percutaneous palpation of anatomic landmarks. Sterility issues and an increased landmark localization error for obese patients lead to the application of B-mode ultrasound imaging in the field of computer-assisted orthopedic surgery. Many approaches have been proposed in the literature to replace the percutaneous digitization by 3-D B-mode ultrasound imaging. However, the correct depth localization of the pelvic landmarks could be significantly affected by the acoustic properties of the penetrated tissues. Imprecise depth estimation could lead to a miscalculation of the pelvic orientation and subsequently to a misalignment of the acetabular cup implant. But so far, no solution has been presented, which compensates for acoustic property differences for correct depth estimation. In this paper, we present a novel approach to determine pelvic orientation from ultrasound images by applying a hierarchical registration scheme based on patch statistical shape models to compensate for differences in speed of sound. The method was validated based on plastic bones and a cadaveric specimen.