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Iterative Channel Decoding of FEC-Based Multiple-Description Codes

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3 Author(s)
Chang, S.-H. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA ; Cosman, P.C. ; Milstein, L.B.

Multiple description coding has been receiving attention as a robust transmission framework for multimedia services. This paper studies the iterative decoding of FEC-based multiple description codes. The proposed decoding algorithms take advantage of the error detection capability of Reed-Solomon (RS) erasure codes. The information of correctly decoded RS codewords is exploited to enhance the error correction capability of the Viterbi algorithm at the next iteration of decoding. In the proposed algorithm, an intradescription interleaver is synergistically combined with the iterative decoder. The interleaver does not affect the performance of noniterative decoding but greatly enhances the performance when the system is iteratively decoded. We also address the optimal allocation of RS parity symbols for unequal error protection. For the optimal allocation in iterative decoding, we derive mathematical equations from which the probability distributions of description erasures can be generated in a simple way. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated over an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing system. The results show that the performance of the multiple description codes is significantly enhanced.

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 3 )