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In this letter, an optimized scanning in terrain observation by progressive scan synthetic aperture radar (TOPSAR) mode is studied. A nonuniform steering rate of the radar array antenna in the along-track direction is proposed in order to obtain constant radiometric sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio. This is achieved owing to the longer integration time of the echoes received at both ends of the antenna azimuth sweep. By optimizing iteratively the array discrete steering rate law, the radiometric impact of the array basic element pattern (subarray pattern) can be accurately compensated. First, simulation results are presented to validate the nonuniform steering TOPSAR.
Date of Publication: March 2012