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Low-Complexity Reliability-Based Message-Passing Decoder Architectures for Non-Binary LDPC Codes

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3 Author(s)
Xinmiao Zhang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH, USA ; Fang Cai ; Shu Lin

Non-binary low-density parity-check (NB-LDPC) codes can achieve better error-correcting performance than their binary counterparts at the cost of higher decoding complexity when the codeword length is moderate. The recently developed iterative reliability-based majority-logic NB-LDPC decoding has better performance-complexity tradeoffs than previous algorithms. This paper first proposes enhancement schemes to the iterative hard reliability-based majority-logic decoding (IHRB-MLGD). Compared to the IHRB algorithm, our enhanced (E-)IHRB algorithm can achieve significant coding gain with small hardware overhead. Then low-complexity partial-parallel NB-LDPC decoder architectures are developed based on these two algorithms. Many existing NB-LDPC code construction methods lead to quasi-cyclic or cyclic codes. Both types of codes are considered in our design. Moreover, novel schemes are developed to keep a small proportion of messages in order to reduce the memory requirement without causing noticeable performance loss. In addition, a shift-message structure is proposed by using memories concatenated with variable node units to enable efficient partial-parallel decoding for cyclic NB-LDPC codes. Compared to previous designs based on the Min-max decoding algorithm, our proposed decoders have at least tens of times lower complexity with moderate coding gain loss.

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Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 11 )