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For along-track multichannel synthetic aperture radar, this paper proposes a novel ground moving target signal model in the high-resolution complex image domain. Based on the range-Doppler imaging of static scene, the 2-D complex response of an isolated rectilinearly moving target is derived via the stationary phase principle (SPP) approximations. It is shown that moving targets in complex domain can be divided into three types according to the 2-D motion distribution and the SPP approximation conditions. Different from the known peaklike response of a static target, different amplitude and phase modulations will appear for different types of moving targets. Moreover, a single target can be split into two targets in the image when its Doppler spectrum spreads over two ambiguous Doppler zones. All types of targets will have the same Doppler interferometric effect along multichannel images, which is decided by the target's ambiguous Doppler frequency. Furthermore, with the proposed signal model, the complex image properties can be completely described and analyzed. Finally, some numerical experiments are also provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed signal model and analysis.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:50 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: Feb. 2012