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Supervised term weighting for sentiment analysis

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3 Author(s)
Nguyen, T.T. ; Sch. of Comput. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore, Singapore ; Kuiyu Chang ; Siu Cheung Hui

Vector space text classification is commonly used in intelligence applications such as email and conversation analysis. In this paper we propose a supervised term weighting scheme called tf × KL (term frequency Kullback-Leibler), which weights each word proportionally to the ratio of its document frequency across the positive and negative class. We then generalize tf × KL to effectively deal with class imbalance, which is very common in real world intelligence analysis. The generalized tf × KL weights each word according to the ratio of the positive and negative class conditioned word probabilities instead of the raw document frequencies. Results on four classification datasets show tf × KL to perform consistently better than the baseline tf ×idf and 4 other supervised term weighting schemes, including the recently proposed tf × rf (term frequency relevance frequency). The generalized tf × KL was found to be extremely robust in dealing with highly skewed class distributions, beating the second runner-up by more than 20% on a dataset that has only 10% positive training examples. The generalized tf × KL is thus an effective and robust term weighting scheme that can significantly improve binary classification performance in sentiment analysis and intelligence applications.

Published in:

Intelligence and Security Informatics (ISI), 2011 IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

10-12 July 2011