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In this paper, we present an UHF RFID location tracking system, which is based on measuring the phases of back scattered signals from RFID tag using multiple spatially distributed antennas at a single carrier frequency. The wavelength ambiguity of the phase measurements is resolved by using the extended Kalman filter (EKF) and the Rauch-Tung-Striebel (RTS) smoother, where the state includes the position, velocity and the phase offsets of antennas. The performance of the method is experimentally verified at 890 MHz using a commercially available RFID reader.
Date of Publication: May 2012