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In this paper, we present a unit commitment problem with uncertain wind power output. The problem is formulated as a chance-constrained two-stage (CCTS) stochastic program. Our model ensures that, with high probability, a large portion of the wind power output at each operating hour will be utilized. The proposed model includes both the two-stage stochastic program and the chance-constrained stochastic program features. These types of problems are challenging and have never been studied together before, even though the algorithms for the two-stage stochastic program and the chance-constrained stochastic program have been recently developed separately. In this paper, a combined sample average approximation (SAA) algorithm is developed to solve the model effectively. The convergence property and the solution validation process of our proposed combined SAA algorithm is discussed and presented in the paper. Finally, computational results indicate that increasing the utilization of wind power output might increase the total power generation cost, and our experiments also verify that the proposed algorithm can solve large-scale power grid optimization problems.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2012