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This paper describes an analysis of the damping of unbalanced magnetic pull (UMP) in salient pole synchronous machines due to parallel stator circuits. Measurements of the UMP and currents in the parallel circuits have been performed on a 12-pole generator with the stator displaced relative to the rotor, creating a static eccentricity, and the stator winding connected as one circuit or two parallel circuits. Experiments were done at no-load conditions. Two numerical studies of the force reduction are also presented, one using a finite-element code and one using a permeance model. A good correspondence between measured and simulated forces is obtained. Results indicate that the reduction of UMP is strongly dependent on the direction of unbalance relative to the line of separation of the stator circuits. Eddy currents induced in the rotor during operation were found to reduce the standstill UMP with more than 20%.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2011