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From Bernoulli–Gaussian Deconvolution to Sparse Signal Restoration

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4 Author(s)
Soussen, C. ; Centre de Rech. en Autom. de Nancy, Nancy-Univ., Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France ; Idier, J. ; Brie, D. ; Junbo Duan

Formulated as a least square problem under an l0 constraint, sparse signal restoration is a discrete optimization problem, known to be NP complete. Classical algorithms include, by increasing cost and efficiency, matching pursuit (MP), orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP), orthogonal least squares (OLS), stepwise regression algorithms and the exhaustive search. We revisit the single most likely replacement (SMLR) algorithm, developed in the mid-1980s for Bernoulli-Gaussian signal restoration. We show that the formulation of sparse signal restoration as a limit case of Bernoulli-Gaussian signal restoration leads to an l0-penalized least square minimization problem, to which SMLR can be straightforwardly adapted. The resulting algorithm, called single best replacement (SBR), can be interpreted as a forward-backward extension of OLS sharing similarities with stepwise regression algorithms. Some structural properties of SBR are put forward. A fast and stable implementation is proposed. The approach is illustrated on two inverse problems involving highly correlated dictionaries. We show that SBR is very competitive with popular sparse algorithms in terms of tradeoff between accuracy and computation time.

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:59 ,  Issue: 10 )