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This paper describes a new algorithm for hyperspectral image unmixing. Most unmixing algorithms proposed in the literature do not take into account the possible spatial correlations between the pixels. In this paper, a Bayesian model is introduced to exploit these correlations. The image to be unmixed is assumed to be partitioned into regions (or classes) where the statistical properties of the abundance coefficients are homogeneous. A Markov random field, is then proposed to model the spatial dependencies between the pixels within any class. Conditionally upon a given class, each pixel is modeled by using the classical linear mixing model with additive white Gaussian noise. For this model, the posterior distributions of the unknown parameters and hyperparameters allow the parameters of interest to be inferred. These parameters include the abundances for each pixel, the means and variances of the abundances for each class, as well as a classification map indicating the classes of all pixels in the image. To overcome the complexity of the posterior distribution, we consider a Markov chain Monte Carlo method that generates samples asymptotically distributed according to the posterior. The generated samples are then used for parameter and hyperparameter estimation. The accuracy of the proposed algorithms is illustrated on synthetic and real data.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:49 , Issue: 11 )
Date of Publication: Nov. 2011