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IEEE 802.15.4 MAC With GTS Transmission for Heterogeneous Devices With Application to Wheelchair Body-Area Sensor Networks

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3 Author(s)
Shrestha, B. ; Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada ; Hossain, E. ; Camorlinga, S.

In wireless personal area networks, such as wireless body-area sensor networks, stations or devices have different bandwidth requirements and, thus, create heterogeneous traffics. For such networks, the IEEE 802.15.4 medium access control (MAC) can be used in the beacon-enabled mode, which supports guaranteed time slot (GTS) allocation for time-critical data transmissions. This paper presents a general discrete-time Markov chain model for the IEEE 802.15.4-based networks taking into account the slotted carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance and GTS transmission phenomena together in the heterogeneous traffic scenario and under nonsaturated condition. For this purpose, the standard GTS allocation scheme is modified. For each non-identical device, the Markov model is solved and the average service time and the service utilization factor are analyzed in the non-saturated mode. The analysis is validated by simulations using network simulator version 2.33. Also, the model is enhanced with a wireless propagation model and the performance of the MAC is evaluated in a wheelchair body-area sensor network scenario.

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Information Technology in Biomedicine, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 5 )