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Ever-expanding networks of surf cameras offer a unique opportunity to monitor the coastline over large expanses at very little cost compared to traditional in situ survey methods. Here, we describe and test a new coastal monitoring system maintained by CoastalCOMS Pty Ltd. at their test site at Gold Coast, Australia. The two-camera system monitors two highly sensitive 4-km stretches of sandy coastline adjacent to high-value assets. The traditional static multi-camera setup has been replaced by a single rotational camera. A 14-month data set, encompassing one major storm, a recovery period, and a seasonal cycle, was analyzed. Positive shoreline detections using the new camera system were available 64% of the time (roughly 145 days of the available 226, where daily offshore significant wave heights Hs ≤ 1 m). Comparison of the CoastalCOMS-derived shorelines and in situ survey data showed a mean shoreward bias of 25.5 m. Daily shoreline estimates were used to calculate weekly and five-week running mean beach widths at both sites. Analysis showed that both sites eroded between 15-22 m during the May 2009 storm and then recovered during the proceeding five-month calm period. Distinct intersite variability was observed between the more exposed Northern Beaches that displayed an annual shoreline cycle and very little intrasite variability and the more sheltered southern Palm Beach site that displayed large intrasite spatial variability and sensitivity to changes to both wave direction and wave height.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:49 , Issue: 12 )
Date of Publication: Dec. 2011